Born 1946, Limassol, Cyprus

Stelarc is an Australian artist who has performed and exhibited in Japan, Europe and the United States. He has used medical instruments, prosthetics, robotics, Virtual Reality systems, the Internet and biotechnology to explore alternate, intimate and involuntary interfaces with the body. He has acoustically and visually probed the body, having amplified brainwaves, blood-flow and muscle signals and filmed the inside of his lungs, stomach and colon. He has done twenty-five BODY SUSPENSIONS with insertions into the skin, in different positions and varying situations in remote locations. He has performed with a THIRD HAND, a VIRTUAL ARM, a VIRTUAL BODY, an inserted STOMACH SCULPTURE and EXOSKELETON, a six-legged walking machine.

For FRACTAL FLESH, as part of Telepolis, he developed a touch-screen interfaced Muscle Stimulation System, enabling remote access, actuation and choreography of the body. Performances such as PING BODY and PARASITE probe notions of telematic scaling and the engineering of external, extended and virtual nervous systems for the body using the Internet. The MOTION PROSTHESIS is a compliant upper body servo-mechanism that allows programming of precise, repetitive and accelerated movements of the arms. The PROSTHETIC HEAD (an ongoing project) explores issues of awareness and identity. An embodied, somewhat intelligent, conversational agent, which speaks to the person who interrogates with real-time lip-syncing and facial expressions, was exhibited at Sherman Galleries in May 2005.

In 1997, Stelarc was appointed Honorary Professor of Art and Robotics at Carnegie Mellon University. He was artist in residence for Hamburg City in 1998. In, 2000, he was awarded an Honorary Degree of Laws by Monash University. He has completed visiting artist positions in Art and Technology at Ohio State University (2002–04), and in 2004 he was awarded a two-year Australia Council New Media Arts Fellowship. Stelarc is presently Principal Research Fellow in the Performance Arts Digital Research Unit at Nottingham Trent University, UK.

1968 T.S.T.C. (Arts and Crafts), CAUTECH, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) and The University of Melbourne, Australia
1970–89 Taught Art and Sociology, Yokohama International School, Japan
1971 Name legally changed from Stelios Arcadiou
CAD/CAM Course (ANAT), Advanced Technology Education Centre, Regency College, Adelaide, Australia
1989 Taught Sculpture and Drawing, Ballarat University College, Victoria, Australia
1997 Honorary Professor of Art and Robotics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh
2000–03 Principal Research Fellow, Digital Research Unit, Nottingham Trent University, UK
2001 Workshops, Adelaide Central School of Art, Australia (25 June – 6 July)
2002 Honorary Doctor of Laws, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
2004–05 Visiting Professor, School of Art and Design, Nottingham Trent University, UK
2005 Adjunct Professor, SOCA, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia
2006 Visiting Professor, School of Art, Brunel University, London, UK

2006 Walking Head, an autonomous, interactive, walking robot with LCD head with F18, Hamburg, Germany and Steve Middleton, Melbourne, Australia
Partial Head Project, human face digitally transplanted on simian skull and grown with living cells; with TC&A, SymbioticA, Perth, Australia
2005 Blender, an automated installation containing biomaterial extracted from the 2 artists; with Nina Sellars, Melbourne, Australia
2003 Muscle Machine, rubber muscle actuated, 6-legged walking machine; with Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
Extra Ear Scale: small replica of the artist’s ear grown with living cells; with TC&A, SymbioticA, Perth, Australia
Prosthetic Head , embodied conversational agent with Karen Marcelo, Sam Trychin and Barrett Fox, SF, USA
2000 Motion Prosthesis, upper body exoskeleton; constructed with F18, Hamburg, Germany.
Extended Arm with an 11 degree-of-freedom manipulator; constructed with Jason Patterson, Melbourne, Australia
1998 Exoskeleton, pneumatically actuated, 6-legged walking robot; constructed with F18, Hamburg, Germany
1995–98 Fractal Flesh, Ping Body and Parasite, Internet performances in Australia, Austria and USA
1981–98 Third Hand, performances in Japan, Australia, Europe and USA
Virtual Arm Project, completed at CITRI, RMIT, Melbourne, Australia
1976-2005 Lectures and symposia on evolution, artificial intelligence, prosthetics and robotics, human-machine systems and redesigning the body
1976-88 Body Suspensions with insertions into the skin in varying positions and situations.
1976–81 The Third Hand project: a 3 degree-of-freedom manipulator with a tactile feedback system; constructed with Imasen Denki, Nagoya, Japan
1973–75 Filming the inside of artist’s body: 16 mm colour films of stomach, 14 minutes; colon, 16 minutes; lungs, 15 minutes, Yaesu Cancer Research Centre, Tokyo, Japan
1972–75 Sensory Deprivation events in Japan and Australia
Body Suspensions, with ropes and harness in Japan, USA and Australia
Full-body video X–ray scan, 60 minutes, Tokyo, Japan
1970–92 Amplified Body events in Japan, Australia and USA
1968–72 Helmets: Put on and Walk, worn helmets that split your binocular vision, Melbourne, Australia
Sensory Compartments, immersive multi-media environments, Melbourne, Australia

2007 Experimenta Playground, BlackBox, Arts Centre, Melbourne
2006 In Vivo/ In-Vitro, Art Topos, Athens School of Art, Athens, Greece
2005 Gravity in Art, De Appel, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Exoskeleton, Robodock, NDSM, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Blender, Teknikunst, Meat Market Project Space, Melbourne, Australia
Prosthetic Head, Sherman Galleries, Sydney, Australia
2004 Reactive: 4 Interactive Installations, Rx Gallery, San Francisco, USA
Screenplay: Play with Your Mind, Broadway Cinema, Nottingham, UK
Body Extensions, Museum Bellerive, Zurich, Switzerland
2003–04 Transfigure, Australian Centre for the Moving Image (ACMI), Melbourne, Australia
2003 Clemenger Contemporary Art Award, The Ian Potter Centre: NGV, Federation Square, Melbourne, Australia
Human-Machine Choreography Project, Gallery 291, London, UK
2nd Biennale of Contemporary Art, Museum of Art, Goteborg, Sweden
Exoskeleton: Cankarjev Dom, Warehouse, Vhrnika, Slovenia
New Territories: National Live Arts Review, The Arches, Glasgow, UK
Prosthetic Head, ICA, London, UK
2002 Biennale of Electronic Arts in Perth, John Curtin Gallery, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
Extended Arm, Kulturhuset, Stockholm, Sweden
2001 Yokohama Triennale 2001, Red Brick Building, Yokohama City, Japan
International Sculpture Festival, The Old Stock Exchange, Pittsburgh, USA
2000 Cybercultures, Casula Powerhouse Arts Centre, Casula, Australia
Les Mutalogues, Avignonumerique, Grenier a Sel, Avignon, France
1999 Mir Art in Space Exhibition, Fiera-Messe, Bolzano, Italy
Fidena ‘96, Kammerspiele- Bochum, Germany
1998–99 Soft Machine, Design in the Cyborg Age, Stedilijk, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1998 Out of Actions 1949–1979, MAK, Museum of Applied Arts, Vienna, Austria
Il Corpo Interactivvo, Teatro Studio, Krypton, Florence, Italy
Out of Actions 1949–1979, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA
1997 Fukui Biennale, Media and Body, Museum of Contemporary Art, Fukui, Japan
Ars Electronica: Flesh Factor, Ars Electronica Centre, Linz, Austria
ICC Biennale: Communication/ Discommunication, ICC/NTT, Tokyo, Japan
Festival Atlantico, Antiga Litografia de Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal
WRO 1997, Osrodek Grotowskiego, Wroclaw, Poland
1996 Nemo: Dream of New Man, Copenhagen Contemporary Arts Centre, Denmark
DEAF ’96: Digital Territories, V2/Lantaren, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Wunschmaschine, Kunsthalle, Vienna, Austria
Northern Electric Dance, Zone Gallery, Newcastle, UK
High Voltage, De Ysbreker, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Totally Wired, ICA, London, UK
NIPAF ’96: Third Nippon Performance Art Festival, Nagano, Japan
1995 Virtual Futures ’95, Warwick University, Warwick, UK
The Biennale of Ideas, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
3rd Biennale of Contemporary Art, Museum of Contemporary Art, Lyon, France
Padua Biennale: Oltra La Sculture, Oratoria delle Maddalene, Padua, Italy
Telepolis, FIL, Kirchberg, Luxembourg, Belgium
1994 25 Years of Performance Art, Ivan Dougherty Gallery, COFA, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
4th International Symposium of Electronic Arts, Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, Finland
Unstable Media, V2 Organisation, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Generated Realities 2: The Body and Computer, Berlin, Germany
Earwitness, Experimenta ‘94/Gasworks, Melbourne, Australia
1993 Remote Gestures, The Kitchen, New York, USA
Psycho/Cyber, The Cable Factory, Helsinki, Finland
Fifth Australian Sculpture Triennale, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
1992 3rd International Symposium of Electronic Arts, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia
Installation and Relics Exhibition, Sherman Galleries, Sydney, Australia
Sound and Space, Charlottenborg Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark
1991 Cyber Music Concert, Aoyama Spiral, Tokyo, Japan
Stockholm Electronic Music Festival, Stockholm, Sweden
Edge Biennale, site-specific works in London, UK; Madrid, Spain
Ars Electronica, Linz, Austria
Industrial Machine Works, beside the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
1990 Third Hand Performance, Experimental Art Foundation, Adelaide, Australia
Image ’90, Extensions, Melbourne, Australia
Melbourne International Festival, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
Interface/Interplay, Experimenta, MIMA, Malthouse, Melbourne, Australia
1989 18 Visual Artists, Ballarat Fine Art Gallery, Ballarat, VIC, Australia
1988 Third Hand Performance, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Edge to Edge: Australian Contemporary Art, Hara Museum, Arc, Japan
1987 Yokohama Performance Art Festival, City Museum, Kanagawa, Japan
Remote-Control Suspension, Museum of Contemporary Art, Brisbane, Australia
New Music Concerts, The Ice House, Toronto, Canada
1986 High Technology and Art, Sunshine City Cultural Centre, Tokyo, Japan
1985 Making Appearances, Charlottenborg Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark
1984 Interfaces: Art and Technology, The Centre Gallery, Adelaide, Australia
9 Australian Artists, LAICA, Los Angeles Olympic Art Festival, USA
1983 Continuum ’83, 16 Galleries in Tokyo, Japan
1982 Australian Perspecta, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
ACT 3: 10 Australian Performance Artists, Canberra School of Art, Canberra, Australia
1981 Australian Sculpture Triennale, P.I.T./La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
Relics and Rituals, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
Obsesiones y Recurencias, Foire de Arte Contemporaneo, Mexico City, Mexico
1980 Contemporary Japanese Art, Post Remont, Warszawa, Poland

2002–04 Art & Technology, Ohio State University, Columbus, USA
1998 Hamburg City, Hamburg, Germany
1997 Curtin University, Perth, Australia
1996 Studio For Creative Inquiry, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA
1992 Advanced Computer Graphics Centre, RMIT (CITRI), Melbourne, Australia
1991 Advanced Computer Graphics Centre, RMIT (CITRI), Melbourne, Australia
1990 Ballarat University College, Ballarat, VIC, Australia

2005–06 New Media Arts Board, Australia Council
1995–98 The Visual Arts/Crafts Board, Australia Council
1975 The Visual Arts/Crafts Board, Australia Council (and 1976, 1982, 1989, 1990, 1992)
1972, 1981 The Myer Foundation

Conrad Walters, ‘This year’s model wants to talk to you’, Health & Science, Sydney Morning Herald, 4 October 2007, pp. 21–22
Laura Murray Cree (ed.), Twenty: Sherman Galleries 1986–2006, Craftsman House (Thames and Hudson), Melbourne, 2006
‘Portraits of the artists’, Meanjin vol. 64, nos. 1–2, 2005
Janne Ryan, ‘The rise of video art’, Weekend Australian Financial Review, 21–22 May 2005,
pp. 31–2
Dominique Angeloro, ‘Severed head’, Metro, Sydney Morning Herald, 13–19 May 2005, p. 26
Sebastian Smee, ‘The life robotic’, Review, Weekend Australian, Saturday, 16 May 2005,
pp. 18–19
Stelarc, What’s On, Art Newspaper, no. 158, May 2005, p. 16
Steve Meacham, ‘Man with two heads puts his best face forward’, News, Sydney Morning Herald, 5 May 2005, p. 3
Marq Smith (ed.), Stelarc, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2005
Joanna Zylinska (ed.), The Cyborg Experiments, Continuum, London & New York, 2002
Marina Grzinic (ed.), Stelarc: Political Prosthesis and Knowledge of the Body, Maska,
Ljubljana, 2002
Linda Montano (compiler), Performance Artists Talking in the Eighties, University of California Press, Berkeley, 2000
David Bell & Barbara M. Kennedy (eds), The Cybercultures Reader, Routledge, London &
New York, 2000
Joan Broadhurst Dixon & Eric J. Cassidy (eds), Virtual Futures, Routledge, London, 1998
Joke Brouwer & Carla Hoekendijk, Technomorphica, V2, Rotterdam, 1997
Adrian Heathfield, Shattered Anatomies, Arnolfini Live, Bristol, 1997
Kristine Stiles & Peter Selz, Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles & London, 1996
Pier Luigi Capucci, Il Corpo Tecnologico, Baskerville, Bologna, 1994
Montxo Algora, Art Futura: Artificial Life, Grup 3, Barcelona, 1993
Stelarc, ‘Prosthetics, robotics and remote existence’, Leonardo, vol. 24, no. 5, MIT Press, Cambridge, 1991
Stelarc, Beyond the Body, NMA 6, NMA Publications, Melbourne, 1988
Stelarc & J. D. Paffrath (eds), Obsolete Body Suspensions, JP Publications, Davis, CA, 1984
Paul McCarthy, Interview, ‘The body obsolete’, High Performance, vol. 6, no. 4, Astro Artz, Los Angeles, 1983